Geography And Education

Presented Otexto constructs a reflection on geography, suahistria, the theories, the methods, the debates of geography and ensinode geography. It is a space in construction, that goes to grow. Oprussiano Karl Ritter (1779-1859) divides, with Humboldt, the defundador condition of modern geography. Its workmanship constitutes test of that adisciplina it was born impregnated for the concern with the historical time. E, still, that those that search in the resource to the historical time umaalavanca for the renewal of geography are breaching with umatradio, but trying recoups-there. Geographic dopensamento has two anti-historical schools – ' ' possibilista' ' the quantitative one – they had met in basic and average education. One weighed didactic tradition, against which if they shock teaching searching the renewal of education degeografia, mixture or only juxtaposes the description of the first landscape fornecidapela to the formalizao of the landscape offered for second.

Emltima instance, result consists of the abolition of the explanation dosfenmenos, amputated of its gnese and evolution. Undressed of the tempohistrico, objectified as ' ' characteristics of paisagem' ' , the fenmenosgeogrficos lose sensible and inteligibilidade. Geography. Asrepercusses exceeds the scope of geography human being, to reach aprpria geography of the nature. Here, it is not the historical time, but general anoo of time that if esvai, substituted for the receituriocorogrfico. The geomorfologia – the tectonismo of plates, the dynamic deconstruo and destruction of the forms of the lithospere – loses land for schematical osmodelos of distribution of geologic provinces, unidadesde relief, climatic types and vegetal coverings.

A geography semalma discloses the kingdom of the memorization. Jna decade of 70 in Brazil, a movement of renewal of geography and doensino of disciplines, influenced university teses and assays, obrasdidticas, official curricular proposals examinations initial. Main Ocorpo of proposals of renewal developed in this perodogeraruma ' ' geography marxista' '. ' ' historical materialism and dialtico' ' aparadigma of the renewal and slight knowledge as ' ' way of produo' ' ' ' formaoeconmica and social' ' they had been transformed into pillars of the reflexogeogrfica. It was tried, also, to extract geogrficassupostamente implicit arguments in the classics of the marxism. The result geraldessa attempt was more the importation of a language that aincorporao of operative concepts. It eats coherent reading of the texts and consequences we evidence that to geografiaescolar one disciplines constructed and indispensable for capacitaode critical human beings, capable of transform the reality.

National Education

The history of the Brazilian tip for the fact to find the fights between conservatives and progressive, always present education, for occasion of process of quarrel and voting of the Laws of Lines of direction and Bases of the National Education. In this way, it was announced for occasion of Law 4,024/61, that it did not obtain to deepen the educational questions, presenting genetic questions. It agrees to remember that when this law of education was approved, the Brazilian society if found in way the politicosocial turbulence, in result of the consensus lack politician between different chains, as well as ahead grew the dissatisfaction of the diligent classroom of the inflationary scaling that in recent years provoked contraction in virtue of refluxo of the growth of the economy. In function of this, the desenvolvimentistas principles that atrelavam the Education to a model determined with unilateral vision, had been diluted in the LDB, provoking its rigidity in addition and the sprouting of a certain degree of decentralization. Not if it can, therefore, to deny that the school has been atrelada to the interests of the state, representing, with this, the ruling class, that tries to mold the production of knowledge as form to construct and to consolidate a certain form to think, to act, to use objects, to make politics, of speaking and living, guaranteeing, thus, the consensus of that the bourgeoisie is the representative of all, as Marx (1985, p.36): The production of ideas, representations, the conscience, is, of beginning, directly interlaced with the material activity and the material interchange of the men, with the language of the real life. Representing, thinking, the interchange spiritual of the men appears here as direct emanation of its material behavior. The same spiritual occurs with the production, as appears in the language, the politics, the laws, the moral, the religion, the Metaphysical etc.