Probidadchile.CL, added us on the scope and impact of participatory management, this will be helpful if it is capable of passing the double test of effectiveness and efficiency. I.e., the goal is reached and that this is appropriate (efficiency) and that has been achieved at a reasonable cost (efficiency). The participatory management (GP) helps one or a combination of the following goals: improve the quality of decisions to improve the productivity of employees improve morale works to enable the Organization to respond to changes in the environment. The GP reached these achievements because it is based on the understanding of human behavior: people act to meet their needs. All behavior has a cause. In this aspect the theory of the hierarchy of needs Maslow established that these levels are as follows: i. physiological needs; II. security needs; III love and belonging; IV self-esteem; and V self-realization or achievement. The FASEB Journal has many thoughts on the issue.

The Administration should provide means by which employees meet their needs, providing them with appropriate desires. Another theory which supports the GP is the theory of the motivacion-higiene of Hergberg, Mausner and Snyderman which argues that the factors which motivate the person at work are: 1 achievement; 2. Recognition; 3 Promotions; 4. The work itself; 5. Liability, 6 possibility of personal growth. Theory of achievement of McClelland also contributes to the GP, as meet and serve others generates feelings of achievement. Not only the theories of motivation underlying the GP but also the behavior, such as the Chris Argyris which argues that healthy adults have personalities that emphasize independence and that the organization generally denies. This inconsistency can be overcome with the GP theory of the Organization, is also a foundation of the GP, especially regarding wing homogeneidad-heterogeneidad are people in productive processes and also the degree of order which is in the environment.

The combination of these factors creates a situation in which participation can be useful in the mediated requiring rapid and decentralized decision-making. All situations do not necessarily favor the participation. Most important research in the field of the administration support the solutions proposed by the GP, this can be concluded from the investigation of Hawthorne; Bavelas; Lawrence and Smith; Seashore and Bowers; Lawler and Hackman; and Bragg and Andrews. Not the slightest doubt as others have indicated, that the benefits that must be registered through the GP are essentially the improvement in the quality of decisions; the increase in productivity; the highest labour morale; minor rotations, delays and absences; and the best communication and conflict resolution. Urges companies Venezuelan give way to manifest a good participatory management, where, his leadership knows use, proper management of human resources of the Organization, make more involving members of the company with the decisions, commitment, functions, all at what you do that the company functions optimally according to the requirements demanded by the current escenerarios.