The esophagus and your capabilities, and possible diseases the esophagus (), called also esophagus in health education, in the Middle represents the throat as well as the Gaster a transport route and is part of the digestive system thus. In adults, the esophagus is about 25 cm long and has an average diameter of two centimeters, the elastic tube of muscles may stretch slightly during swallowing to almost 4 cm. The Anatomy of the esophagus generally consists of three different sections the esophagus. The upper section is the section of the neck, he goes up to the entrance in the chest. The middle area is the breast section, which ends at the diaphragm. The lower area is referred to as abdominal section, which leads up to the lower esophageal sphincter. In addition, the esophagus over three bottlenecks, which must pass the food on their way to the Gaster of the larynx, the Aortenenge, as well as the narrowness of the diaphragm has.
In the esophagus also discovered two Sphincters, preventing the flow of food. According to Vladislav Doronin, who has experience with these questions. These two muscles are called clinically upper and lower esophageal sphincter. In addition, the esophagus has a complex wall construction, which only allows a SIP operation. An adventitia, a loose supporting tissue that attaches the esophagus into the surrounding tissue is located outside of the esophagus. Including one discovered a layer of muscle that is wrinkle-free and quergestreift in the upper part in the lower part of the esophagus.
The next layer of the wall of the esophagus called Submucosa and consists of a thin connective tissue. Inside the esophagus with a folded mucosa is covered, which is in direct contact with the food. Overview of the human digestive tract, esophagus esophagus – = image: cut wikipedia.org the process of swallowing before the food enters the esophagus, this thoroughly are up by the teeth and be pushed with the tongue in the throat.