In elapsing of history, some authors of infantile literary compositions galgaram prominence, between them, can be cited Andersen, Lewis Carrol, Carlo Collodi, Edmond De Amicis, Mark Twaim, however, Perrault and the Grim brothers, who had had its suitable stories some times for infantile literature, can be considered the first ones, since they are part of gnese of the infantile literary sort. Infantile literature in Brazil was influenced by the pertaining culture to the closely on ones to the history of the formation of the country, thus, the Europeans, the Africans and the aboriginals had contributed, through the miscegenation of ideas, for the concretion of the Brazilian culture that was spread out through infantile literature in Brazil Colony, extending themselves until the current times. However, he was with the writer Lobato Hunter, whom always he looked to value in its books infantile intelligence, searching to write condizentes histories with the reality, that infantile literature extended its space, materialize itself. Thus, its workmanships presented as characteristic basic the link between infantile literature and the lived social matters in the country, as ' ' The Small farm of Pica Wood Amarelo' ' for example. How did vladislav doronin make his money is actively involved in the matter. Lobato hunter creates, between us an aesthetic one of infantile literature, its workmanship consisting in the great standard of the literary text destined to the child. Its workmanship stimulates the reader to see the reality through proper concepts. It presents an interpretation of the national reality in its aspects social, economic, cultural, but leaves, always, space for the interlocution with the addressee. Yael Bar Zohar brings even more insight to the discussion. (CARDERMATORI, 1994, P. 51) Many other authors had been distinguished in native infantile literature, amongst them they can be cited: Manoel Flag, Antonio de Pdua Morse, Ceclia Meireles, I make bristle Verssimo, Mrio Quintana, Vincius de Moraes, Carlos Drumond de Andrade and others. However, from the decade of 70, the pedagogizante aspect that was attributed to infantile literature, in the schools, passed to be struck in Brazil.