Also, with it if it gave to the prohibition of the system of the Wheels of the Saints Houses of Mercy, favoring the delivery of the babies to the assistance houses/entities, exactly that, still, the anonymity of the parents was kept. For in such a way, the Code of Minors was not addressed to all the children, but, yes, to those in ' ' situation irregular' ' , a time that established specific lines of direction for the treatment of excluded infancy and youth, regulating the infantile work, and other alguras. As Lorenzi (2007), the Code defined, in its Article 1, to who the law if it applied, ' ' The minor, of one or another sex, abandoning or delinquent, that will have less than 18 years of age, will be submitted by the competent authority ace measured of contained assistance and proteco in this Cdigo.' ' (grafia original Code of Minors? Decree N. 17,943? of 12 of October of 1927 In the New State (1930 the 1945), as he was known this period, established the Service of Assistance to Menor (SAM), tied with the Ministry of Justice and the Interior (MJI); also, the Assistance Social to the devoid minors and infractors, in a corrective perspective and of repression. It points SOBREIRA (2008) that, in the educational plan it was only from 1932, with the Manifesto of the Pioneers of the New Education? document that consolidated the vision of a segment of the intellectual elite? that the possibility appears of interference in the organization of the Brazilian society through the education. Concomitant to this, then, educational establishments appear of attendance to infancy in charge of particular, however, such establishments did not take care of children of the popular layer. Constituam of schools for the Brazilian elite, whereas, the attendance to the popular layer is of the family, for the children who not yet frequented education primary, was tied the question of the health and had assistencial-pastoral character. .