Research presented in disciplines of History of Brazil II, for the course of Licenciatura in History, the State University Valley of the Acara, given for the teacher Maria of the Aid Heifer. INTRODUCTION In the regencial period the Brazilian provinces had been marked by some popular revolts, also the old Province of the Parahyba, with the popular revolt ' ' Break; ' , agitating not only the Paraba as well as the provinces of: Pernambuco, Alagoas, Rio Grande of Norte and Cear. It had some reasons for the cause of this revolt, amongst them we can cite: the raised taxes, military conscription them services, that only convoked the poor persons and opponents to the government, the religious question that the Dom priest involved Vital that made front to the masonry, interditando the participation of maons in religious acts, having been imprisoned and the convict, priests use to advantage the chance to demand against the government therefore the church pass to support the revolt of the Break-kilos and against the advance of the capitalism the service of the structure of the metric system decimal. For 1870 return, the economy of the Paraba if found in full crisis due at the cost of the cotton and of the sugar it is in low. The taxes were charged on the old prices of the products, to complete, the government started to demand the fulfilment of an imperial law of 1862, instituted the metric system official decimal and weight. Until then, the measures known and used in accordance with the customs of each locality were the pole, cvado, fathom, handspan, fourth, cuia one, Canada, etc. To weigh, they used rocks, in corresponding volume the certain number of pounds or ounces. Everything this would have that to be substituted by kilogram, meter, liter, etc. The products alone could be commercialized with observance the measures and weights that the imperial government instituted established in the French metric system, who disregarded the law would pay heavy fine and would be punished with arrest of five the ten years.