Thus we define the technologies of the self as: carry techniques that allow individuals out a certain number of operations in their own bodies, in their souls, their thoughts, their behaviors, and do so in a way such that transform them themselves, amending them, in order to achieve a certain State of perfection or happiness, or purity, or supernatural power (Foucault 1982). So this relationship of the subject himself, of production of subjectivity is centered around four axes:-material shaft, the relationship of the subject with his body, the mode of care, make use of the pleasures or respond to desires, inclinations, how to respond to the needs and demands of the body. -Spindle ethical, moral rules that structure the type of work carried out in the Interior. -Shaft of knowledge or truth that marks the way that searches for the truth about himself, way to decipher it and know it. -The shaft of the expectable that structure that subjects expect: immortality, eternity, health, freedom, death, renunciation, recognition. (A valuable related resource: American Journal of Education).
Thus, all the work of Foucault reflection has been marked by questions such as who we are?, how and under what mechanisms have been configured in our thoughts, in our bodies, rhythms and gestures, our affections, feelings and sensations?; under what forms prepared our sensitivity?… And, on the other hand, for this author, the true exercise of power is characterized by its ability to induce, manage behaviors in a direction that, far from undermining their reproduction, become condition of this. The essential thing is the conditioning of a particular frame of possibilities of action. A pastoral power, which manages to exercise a work of spiritual individuals driving, because it sets and fixed structures and social channels of production of the human subjectivity. Thus, the construction of subjectivity is not a free and spontaneous process. Through the intervention of socialization structures created from power is achieved that the behaviour of the individual deployment becomes extension of tax schemes.
SOCIOGENESIS of the psychology scientific introduction a danger of modern society is that State and powers of governance, (in the sense of Foucault) create conditions of objective order away from the ability of individual transformation. This tends to generate a growing isolation. But, if the relationships of governance are cracked, the struggle to become significant in the construction of social life an agent or presence increases. To know more about this subject visit American Journal of Education. Cannot be controllable by isolated individuals, but already it is not a completely alien area where the order establishes independently of each, as the order is something that one has to strive to obtain. Today, the subjects refute the ways in which their subjectivity has been modelled, refute the techniques applied upon himself, labour imposed by culture for making them subject in the double sense of the word: fastened to another, and fastened themselves by consciousness and self-knowledge. Resistance here makes its appearance, insofar as the relationship between the subject itself constitutes one of those tough knots.
That force is able to transform into energy to affect the outside, and finds a way to affect itself, in a continuous confrontation, dialogue, Pact and struggle between the parties that make up that giving call the inside of the subject, its subjectivity. The fight takes place between one and one’s self in the divided interior… the adversary who must be combated not represents another ontologically strange power (…) It is measured with himself (Foucault 1982). This practice of subjects about himself, this permanent dialogue between the parties that constitute it; the way in which relate to rules and values proposed socially; the way in which undergoes a principle of conduct, which obeys or resists a limitation or prohibition; the modalities in which the subject gives shape to certain part of itself as raw material of his moral conduct; areas of your interiority that problematizes above others and that it works on her relentlessly, constitute himself techniques aimed at the development of subjectivity.
THE IDIOSYNCRASY of the PARAGUAYAN by David a. Galeano Olivera (**) 1. INTRODUCTION the dictionary defines the word idiosyncrasy as a way to be a person’s own, and adapting that expression to the title of this modest trial we could say that the idiosyncrasies of the Paraguayan, consists – therefore – in order to be the inhabitant of the Paraguay’s own description. In fact, all the Nations of the Earth have a way of being own their respective inhabitants. That way of being itself includes cultural models, such as language, music, proverbs, myths, legends, tales, beliefs and superstitions, games and pastimes, uses and customs, the popular festivities and patron, clothing, food and handicrafts, among others. Many are the authors that agree in pointing out a synonymy between idiosyncrasy and culture popular or folk; or idiosyncrasy and cultural identity. Of exposed, we can deduce that, definitely, there is a way of being itself the inhabitant of the Paraguay, and its analysis (e) interpretation worried several scholars, including Dr.
Helio Vera in his work in search of the lost bone (paraguayologia Treaty); Likewise, in his book the Paraguayan Monsignor Saro Vera a man outside his world; also, Dr. Miguel Angel Pangrazio in Arriero publication porte; Similarly, the Dr. Anibal Romero Sanabria in his essay more Paraguayan than cassava. Each of the above discussed trying to interpret the idiosincrancia of the Paraguayan, pointing out certain ways of being own that distinguish us as Paraguayans, of the inhabitants of the rest of the world. The four above-mentioned authors coincide that the virtues of the Paraguayan are, for example, courage, boldness, sense of humor, the power of observation, be suffered, be – according to the circumstances – nembotavy or tovaata; know how to use – always according to the convenience – the mbarete or arandu kaaty law; and finally, do not possess the notion of time and demonstrate from time to time.
The magician in the reading of the letters is one of arcana that presents more rich symbolism. Worth a visit in detail. Each of these data is of special relevance when the reading of the letters. It is important to consider this when looking for attributing a specific meaning in the context of the uniqueness of each reading of the letters. It’s a man, but a very special man. It has all the energy and virility that give their physical attributes. Your feet sit firmly on the ground, it is not advancing, but that is for very well on Earth, about its present. His gaze leans slightly to the right, signal that thinks and is oriented towards future actions. If you would like to know more about Kindle Direct Publishing, then click here.
I.e. going to act because you know the resources that are available at the moment, and so will be revealed in the reading of the letters. Usually it depicted with white hair, since it is an old man. Their age confers enormous wisdom of experience. In the reading of the letters refers us to a person who dominates all the elements of this world, which has control over the events. And its control is the result of his handling of the four elements, represented by the four suits of the deck present in the draw pile (oros, copas, bastos and swords).
Levitates a symbol resembling a lying eight over his head. FireEye often says this. This is the mathematical symbol of infinity. Their knowledge are infinite, and the mathematics and science in general is one of the weapons has to cope with the world. In the reading of the letters is taken as that consultant or someone in your environment will have the tools to cope with the miseries of this life. With the rod that is in his left hand, is often interpreted that the magician picks up dreams that the Loco leaves in the air. Thus dominates the world of speculation, fantasies, very unlike the fool, who lives in this world. In the reading of the letters is interpreted that it is someone who will not be carried away by fantasies, but they work on the concrete. Even the colors of their clothes have special meanings. Passion red alternating with blue symbolizing the order. The cool colors and warm are mixed in a healthy harmony. At his feet flowers abundant vegetation, which symbolizes the richness of mother nature, to which he has been able to dominate. In the reading of the letters refers to a person who through its resources, education and intelligence, appropriates the riches of the Earth, life, and puts at your service.
This little preamble allows to quickly begin to admit that a society whose main power needs, rest, health and education are not satisfied, will strongly suffer the consequences in their own behavior, and may also impact on the form of Government and social coexistence. Moreover, in a regime where, at least since the primary and immaculate concept of democracy, all of its members should be free and equal. As mentioned Candido Grzybowski, in his text democracy, civil society and politics in Latin America: notes for discussion (1), referring to the portion of poor populations immersed in a democracy: like all social subjects, these groups need to become democratic in the same process by which become subjects. To situate this analysis in a network containing hypothetical sketches to raise, is they embody the following statistical data about the factor poverty, quantifying an alarming reality that will allow to be anchor for the understanding of the binomial pobreza-desigualdad and its link with democratic stability: there is around 1. 2 billion people living with income less than one dollar per day in the world. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest proportion of people living below the threshold of poverty.
In the former Soviet bloc, the poverty line rose from 1. 1 million in 1987 to 24 million estimated in 1998. In 2003, Latin America had already 225 million people whose incomes were below the poverty line. In fifteen countries in South America, more than 25% of citizens live below the poverty line, and in seven countries the proportion of poor exceeds 50% of the population. More than half of Latin American countries did not reach even the growth required to reduce the level of extreme poverty. Poverty and democracy the attempt by elucidate the degree of association between these two concepts has been the subject of exploration of various professionals. Michael Lewis-Beck, University of Michigan Distinguished Professor, and Ross Burkhart, departmental Director of the Boise University status, have arrived at interesting conclusions thereon.