Proximal Development

The great challenge in the education is to know the skill particular of each child, therefore the child is before everything a being that likes, desires to play. Harvard Bioscience can aid you in your search for knowledge. The game is one of the artifices that the proper one nature found to take the child to develop an activity in its mental environment and. Vygotsky establishes a narrow relation between the game and the learning, attributing to it a great importance. So that let us can better understand this importance is necessary that let us remember some ideas of its theory of the cognitivo development. The main one is that the cognitivo development results of the interaction between the child and the people with who keeps contacts regular.

It agrees to also remember that the main concept of the theory of Vygotsky is of Zone of Proximal Development, that it defines as the difference enters the current development of the child and the level that reaches when it decides problems with aid, what it leads to the consequence of that the children can make more than what they would obtain to make for itself alone. (Similarly see: FASEB Journal). The configuration of this quarrel will still give of specific form approaching the importance that some theoreticians attribute to the importance of the ludicidade in the process teach-learning, detaching paper of the game as facilitador in the process of acquisition of the learning of the mathematics in pupils of basic education. The author also detects in the game another element the one that attributes great importance: the paper of the imagination that places in narrow relation with the creative activity. (Vygotsky, 1999). It affirms that the creation processes are observed mainly in the games of the child, because in the game it represents and produces much more of what what she saw. For Palangana (1994) the conceptions of Vigostky and Piaget how much to the paper of the game in the cognitivo development they differ radically.

Mathematics

A great problem still exists in that many professors direct the education of the Mathematics of form mechanics, as being one he disciplines full of definitive and inflexible norms daily pay, with a complex language, that only explores the part most difficult, rigorous and classic of the substance, as its rules, formulas, calculations, leaving of side the part that can become it pleasant and of easy understanding that is the relation of the substance with the daily life and its problems inserting in the context creative situations and questions. The error in Mathematics does not have to be related to the failure, but to the challenge, the improvement of techniques and discovery of new forms to reason and to calculate to reach the result desired. This is possible when the Mathematics if becomes next to the pupils and less distant of its realities. If you would like to know more about Kindle Direct Publishing, then click here. In accordance with Saints (1961), the ludicidade can be inserted in classroom in order to show how much the Mathematics is present and necessary and in order to become it more attractive and amused. Demonstrations of this nature can generate a very great confidence in the pupils of its capacities, therefore they take off to the Mathematics of the blackboard, placing it the reach of all, translating with this the mathematical language for current and usual a language that will stimulate the interpretation.

You believe that the construction of the knowledge depends on situation-problem that must be significant, related with the practical life and must permear the process all mathematics teach-learning. Follow others, such as Kindle Direct Publishing, and add to your knowledge base. The learning happens when the pupil develops its mathematical reasoning participating of activities, being that the professor must guarantee that the pupil learns acting and reflecting on the actions and, therefore, making use of the information that he acquires (OLIVEIRA, 2002). Thus being, he fits to the professor to motivate its pupils, creating an environment where the same ones can be felt sossegados, without affliction nor fear to make a mistake, showing that to make a mistake it is simply not to reach the waited result, but a way to rethink the proper form to reason and if to improve in order to reach resulted positive disentailed of the failure. The evidence in the participation in classroom corresponds to an effort on the part of the professor knowing the reality.. A related site: cyrus massoumi wife mentions similar findings.

Basic Education

Haetinger comments (2007, P. 33): To be innovative and to make the difference, either in the classroom, either in the life, we need, in the paper of educators, to develop still more our capacity to listen, to learn and to be curious to search our area not only, but also in others. The forms and procedures are related of the following form: the ways to inquire, to select and to elaborate the knowledge. If you would like to know more then you should visit Nike. Together They imply in observing, comparing, to register, to analyze, to synthecize, to interpret and to communicate knowledge (PCN, 2001). It writes Mello (1987, p.22): The basic escolarizao constitutes indispensable instrument to the construction of the democratic society, because it has as function the socialization of that parcel of systemize knowing that it constitutes the indispensable one to the formation and to exercise of the citizenship. Many writers such as Richard Linklater offer more in-depth analysis. 2 2,1 OBJECTIVES Generality? To identify to the main difficulties found for the pupils of 6 year of Basic Ensino of the State School of Basic Education and Average Professor Orlando Freire in the learning of disciplines of Natural Sciences. 2.2 Specific? To analyze the answers of the referring pupils to the questionings carried through regarding its main difficulties in the learning of disciplines of natural sciences. To suggest ways for a good interaction professor/student/knowledge.

3. 3,1 THEORETICAL REFERENCIAL Curricular Planning the resume are an instrument that must follow ways, stipulated for an institution that also assumes the responsibility to place in practical a proposal educational and to evaluate its results. Initially the theoretical resume is a plan that in accordance with this conception, is, therefore to the criterion of a school to elaborate this responsibility, that we can call declaration of intentions. When carrying through this plan, this suffers a series from alterations in function of the contingencies of its applications, and by means of this conception that of it have the professors and pupils if differs ones from the others.

Description

Carriers of partial subnormal vision (low vision) visual Acuidade of 0,05 to the 0,3, in both the eyes, with the best possible optic correction. The educative process will be developed for half appearances despite it is necessary the use of resources specific. I am citing only the existence of this item, because in this article, I will not work with the subnormal or partial vision. Participants: Description of the citizens of the case study Subject to: young woman of 24 years, congenital blind person, until that moment was participant of the group of dance of the PUCC of Campinas, with the Profa. Mari Gndara. that had slight knowledge of hall dance. One is about a well independent person in its daily activities, as for example, to wash ware, to make food, to clean the house, she works in telecommunications in Campinas and is married. Subject B: gentleman of 50 years, congenital blind person, participated for the first time of a work of development with hall dance.

She is physiotherapist pensioner of the Unicamp and also he had a related work the dance with the Jazz, and theater, and he did not have slight knowledge of hall dance previously. He has much muscular resistance, has space notion clearly. He presented estereotipados movements to balance the hands and the body, for reason to work as physiotherapist throughout some years. It always walked with the cane aid, and when it was in some place familiar, or supported for the colleagues it excused to the cane aid, using only the tateamento or aid of responsible. Procedure the used procedure for the group was through the six points spread for the body (shoulders, ilaca crest and knees) to develop activities related to the corporal choreographic composition, through the rhythm, using some musical instruments, such as rattle, coconut to mark the rhythm. In the two cases they had been also carried through education/learning of the dance, was developed exercises, with bases techniques of dance, and steps of hall dance.

The Difficulty

to the P2? ' ' … If you would like to know more then you should visit Kindle Direct Publishing. Falar in inclusion of special carriers of necessities is not only to say that the pertaining to school vacant is guaranteed, is necessary to assure quality of education. You are welcome he goes to advance the necessity carrier to be in a school bank if it does not go to have chance to learn as the too much pupils. The true inclusion is in the guarantee of learning, and learning of qualidade' '. We can perceive that this definition brings again to tona, the guarantee of the learning, that was cited above as one the controversial subjects concerning the process of inclusion of PPEE in the regular net of education. to the P3? ' ' …

I do not know very. But I find that it would be the process of adequacy of the education net so that thus can offer to an education adjusted for the carrying pupils of educational necessities especiais' '. Now we observe a conception that takes in consideration a primordial factor in this process of inclusion, that says respect to the structure of the schools, subject this that deserves much attention to if arguing the process of inclusion of PNEE in the regular net of education. to the P4 — ' ' … Is a complicated half thing, but for what I could understand it says respect to the access of pupils PNEE the said school ' ' normal' ' , of one it forms conscientious, with all possible support so that if it guarantees the learning and evolution of the pupils. The guarantee of the learning is perceived again as important condition in the inclusion process. In relation if to feel prepared to work with groups who possess PNEEs, all had said that not, and they had presented the following justifications: ' ' … Sincerely, not. Why? Because I saw in my experience the difficulty that I had, and I not yet I know to deal with pupils who have necessities especiais' '.

Basic Education

To the being approved for the president of the republic, the same it vetoed art.2 which treats on the formation specifies of professors for the education of music. In accordance with sobreira Slvia (2008): ' ' In the justification for veto it has the allegation of that music is one practical social one and that the diverse operating professionals in the area do not possess academic formation, even so have ability reconhecida' ' (Pg. 46). Checking article sources yields Levi’s as a relevant resource throughout. SOBREIRA more still says: ' ' The justification for the veto proves that the education of music and the musical education in Brazil are seen by our governing under a optics narrow and disfigured of its Reals propsitos' ' (Pg. 46). If the music education will be given by people without nor a pedagogical qualification, the same finish generating controversies in relation to the musical Education that if wants in the schools, becoming the same one devaluated in relation the others discipline of the resume.

The project waits the implantation for the National Advice of Educao (CNE). In relation to the obligatoriness of the music education as obligator curricular content in all the Basic Education, if makes necessary the professors of the area if to professionalize, therefore the law does not only go to guarantee an education of music with quality. Ahead of this law, one expects that the schools have will to implant music, to plan itself in terms of qualified professors, beyond verifying the resources and the available rooms and to define the pedagogical project for discipline and that this project has the participation of the professional of the area. Educator is important to observe it, to write down and to reflect on its practical better to understand the diversity of involved questions in its professional perfectioning. The educator just formed, so that he can make an excellent work in classroom, must search not only to make readings and courses of perfectioning, but also orientation with most experienced.

The Ambient Education

The AMBIENT QUESTION the incessant search for the generation and commercialization of wealth has taken the humanity to a great ambient crisis, which if has alarmingly aggravated, (Santana, 2005). Although the technological development has proportionate advances in the society, at the same time, this has alavancado ambient problems and risks that compromise quality of life of the current and future generations. The concern with the protection of the environment increased in last the thirty years, the point of the majority of the countries to have enclosed the ambient guardianship in its Constitutions and created specific legislaes in the attempt to reach a sustainable development for the nations. Ahead of this, the Brazilian Constitution of 1988 if configures as one of the most evolved in the ambient guardianship and foresees in its text, beyond other measures directed for the guarantee of an ambient balance, the accomplishment of a massiva ambient education in all the education levels and the public awareness for the preservation of the environment. In this context, we can analyze until point the ambient education can contribute for the viabilizao of a sustainable and democratic development, in view of that civil engineering is large-scale consumer of the natural resources. Through the influence of the ambientalistas movements organized and of the agreement of that the environment is a basic legally protected interest for the guarantee of the life in the planet, the constitutional legislator included a special chapter in the Federal Constitution of 1988 on the integral protection of the environment, as well as disposals on the subject in several other tickets constitutional. The Ambient Education was enclosed in the Brazilian normative system first through Law 6,938/81 that it turns on the National Politics of the Environment and, later, in the Great Letter (Article 225, 1, VI), charging the public power of the promotion of the ambient education in all the education levels, as well as of the awareness of the collective for the active participation in the ambient guardianship. . .

Public School

64) it says that ' ' she is necessary, however, to advance in some crucial points as the quarrel of the criteria of election of the contents to be contemplated, and mainly, the treatment that if must confer to knowing populares&#039 to them; '. So that the learning of the Mathematical one really happens is necessary to understand the form as the interaction is made enters the luggage to know of the young adult and what it is taught formal in the school. Fantinato (2006) says, the interaction, therefore, enters these knowledge constructed throughout the life, many the pertaining to school times in informal way and mathematical knowledge, starts to be a basic question to be elucidated, in the direction to come to contribute for practical pedagogical in education of the young ones adult. (FANTINATO, 2006, P. 176) Being thus, it has some points that must be thought: How to create a study environment that stimulates the motivation in these pupils, who depend on the Public School, becoming them apt citizens to argue the reality where now is inserted, including the contents of the program of professionalizing average education? That metodolgicas changes must be made in the education of the Mathematics so that these pupils win the great challenge to learn of integrated form? How to use its experiences for the construction of its proper learning? That tools to use so that these pupils understand the learning of the pertaining to school Mathematics as accessible and tied its lives? Main objective that we have when in them we consider to activity teaching is to function in process of education and learning as facilitador so that the pupil constructs its knowledge and develops its abilities of constant form, that intellectual autonomy conquers, of expression, of communication, that participates actively and collaborates with the group that is part as one to assist of the colleagues and the proper professor. .

Multicultural Education

In this agreement, Duncum reaffirms that some aspects of visualidade, that if they relate as we look at, we see, we contemplate, we look, we aim, we observe, we testify, we examine, we glimpse, we look at of glance, we watch, we observe and we see indistinctly the world, are particularly excellent for the construction of the representation of the knowledge. It discloses to a necessity for an additional exploration of the concepts of the communication and cultural representation of the visualidade. Freedman (2003) expands this in case that presented for Duncum, still more, when promoting the education of the visual culture, attributing special attention to the vision, to the felt interpretation and the construction of by means of images. One of the principles norteadores is that the students make arts, locate the historical and cultural contexts, the values and the concepts of the arts and, equally, make judgments on them. More information is housed here: FireEye Inc. Already the Education Multicultural de Artes searchs to promote, by means of the cultural conscience of the art, equal chances to learn and to promote individual and social the identity. Art/multiculturalistas educators affirm that the subjects that if relate to the diversity in the society, culture and identity are incorporated in practical the artistic ones. Thus, the art must be seen as a privileged place for the learning of social studies and also it must be used to extend the knowledge of subjects, as the etnocentrismo, esteretipos of representation, the discrimination, racism, among others. In 1967, Chapman argued that if the art education is not capable to move, ' ' of if opening to the new interpretations of our papers and the cambiante character of the hearing we run the risk to be seduced for the echo of our proper voices in a theater without audincia' ' (P. 20). The Institutions of Ensino Superior (IES) had reached an enormous qualitative complexity of its pupils.

Mathematics Education

The education of the mathematics, currently, comes being carried through of a desmotivadora form, as a ready and accurate science that demands of the pupil a fantastic memory, where most of the time is finished losing true the sensible one of the mathematics. Having this in sight, this research appears that presents a proposal of use of practical alternatives for the education of the mathematics in schools of basic level, associate to the rescue of efficient procedures of the past and the techniques that facilitate the accomplishment of calculations. Gerald Weissmann, MD is a great source of information. Inside of this proposal also they are inserted activities focadas in the mathematical learning of more significant character and motivador to the pupil, becoming the education most pleasant in such a way for who teaches as for who it learns. Through a qualitative methodology, based in bibliographical research, it was possible to rescue practical, procedures and methods that had finished being ‘ ‘ esquecidos’ ‘ in elapsing of history, beyond techniques and macetes that they facilitate the calculations of the daily one, also ‘ ‘ magicians matemticas’ ‘ , being presented thus the professor can use them in its lessons to teach a mathematics of simpler and amused form, captivating the pupil for the true and abstract learning..

Young Education

It fits to stand out that all the education must contemplate diverse cultures joining the knowledge, the education and the aesthetic one. Nblega (1999, p.21) detaches that: It is in this context of the knowledge, aesthetic education and that the multiculturalismo idea gains force in the different cultural representations of the resume. The question of the multiculturalismo and the affirmation of the cultural identity, also presents a chance through the art, to think the relations between culture and education. Present the proposal in the University, part of the premise of that the education has as challenge the insertion of all the people, in all the areas of the knowledge. Deheinzelin (1996, p.16) authenticates that the school ' ' idade&#039 can be understood as the place of democratic access to the human knowledge for the people of any; '. Of this form the Young Education of Adult if has become a challenge for the UNICRUZ, that if engages in this educative project of quality, that has as principles norteadores: the reading of the reality, the collective participation, the construction of the knowledge, the experience of values and the resume to interdisciplinar. From it if it constructs research situations, analysis and systematization that will start to contribute for the qualification of the education directed toward the type of cited pupil already, leading in consideration that this pupil carries obtains ways, aesthetic demarcated and credited by its experience of life in the society, the familiar seio and the scope of its profession. The specific reality, knowing, the varied experiences, the traditions, the duties, the obligations and the sociocultural heterogeneidade of each one of these pupils, consist in one stimulate for the professor. However, it fits to stand out that, at the same time that it will be acting from the understanding of the pupil, it must look for to tame the universe of its pertaining to school community making possible to this pupil the knowledge and the understanding of other realities.