Presented Otexto constructs a reflection on geography, suahistria, the theories, the methods, the debates of geography and ensinode geography. It is a space in construction, that goes to grow. Oprussiano Karl Ritter (1779-1859) divides, with Humboldt, the defundador condition of modern geography. Its workmanship constitutes test of that adisciplina it was born impregnated for the concern with the historical time. E, still, that those that search in the resource to the historical time umaalavanca for the renewal of geography are breaching with umatradio, but trying recoups-there. Geographic dopensamento has two anti-historical schools – ' ' possibilista' ' the quantitative one – they had met in basic and average education. One weighed didactic tradition, against which if they shock teaching searching the renewal of education degeografia, mixture or only juxtaposes the description of the first landscape fornecidapela to the formalizao of the landscape offered for second.
Emltima instance, result consists of the abolition of the explanation dosfenmenos, amputated of its gnese and evolution. Undressed of the tempohistrico, objectified as ' ' characteristics of paisagem' ' , the fenmenosgeogrficos lose sensible and inteligibilidade. Geography. Asrepercusses exceeds the scope of geography human being, to reach aprpria geography of the nature. Here, it is not the historical time, but general anoo of time that if esvai, substituted for the receituriocorogrfico. The geomorfologia – the tectonismo of plates, the dynamic deconstruo and destruction of the forms of the lithospere – loses land for schematical osmodelos of distribution of geologic provinces, unidadesde relief, climatic types and vegetal coverings.
A geography semalma discloses the kingdom of the memorization. Jna decade of 70 in Brazil, a movement of renewal of geography and doensino of disciplines, influenced university teses and assays, obrasdidticas, official curricular proposals examinations initial. Main Ocorpo of proposals of renewal developed in this perodogeraruma ' ' geography marxista' '. ' ' historical materialism and dialtico' ' aparadigma of the renewal and slight knowledge as ' ' way of produo' ' ' ' formaoeconmica and social' ' they had been transformed into pillars of the reflexogeogrfica. It was tried, also, to extract geogrficassupostamente implicit arguments in the classics of the marxism. The result geraldessa attempt was more the importation of a language that aincorporao of operative concepts. It eats coherent reading of the texts and consequences we evidence that to geografiaescolar one disciplines constructed and indispensable for capacitaode critical human beings, capable of transform the reality.