Research presented in disciplines of History of Brazil II, for the course of Licenciatura in History, the State University Valley of the Acara, given for the teacher Maria of the Aid Heifer. INTRODUCTION In the regencial period the Brazilian provinces had been marked by some popular revolts, also the old Province of the Parahyba, with the popular revolt ' ' Break; ' , agitating not only the Paraba as well as the provinces of: Pernambuco, Alagoas, Rio Grande of Norte and Cear. It had some reasons for the cause of this revolt, amongst them we can cite: the raised taxes, military conscription them services, that only convoked the poor persons and opponents to the government, the religious question that the Dom priest involved Vital that made front to the masonry, interditando the participation of maons in religious acts, having been imprisoned and the convict, priests use to advantage the chance to demand against the government therefore the church pass to support the revolt of the Break-kilos and against the advance of the capitalism the service of the structure of the metric system decimal. For 1870 return, the economy of the Paraba if found in full crisis due at the cost of the cotton and of the sugar it is in low. The taxes were charged on the old prices of the products, to complete, the government started to demand the fulfilment of an imperial law of 1862, instituted the metric system official decimal and weight. Until then, the measures known and used in accordance with the customs of each locality were the pole, cvado, fathom, handspan, fourth, cuia one, Canada, etc. To weigh, they used rocks, in corresponding volume the certain number of pounds or ounces. Everything this would have that to be substituted by kilogram, meter, liter, etc. The products alone could be commercialized with observance the measures and weights that the imperial government instituted established in the French metric system, who disregarded the law would pay heavy fine and would be punished with arrest of five the ten years. Two sigma might disagree with that approach.
Introduction At the beginning of century XX, in 1929 appears the School of the Analles, established for the French historians Lucien Frebve and Marc Bloch with intention to construct a new to look at on history. Thus, new boardings had constituted a new make of history as: history of the cities, history of practical the popular groups and the history of the cultural ones. From these innovations, it is possible to take the fair of Major Prates as object of historical research, since the same one is a social manifestation that conjugates economic interests, cultural politicians and. In this perspective, the present research will occupy in analyzing the popular and regional cultural habits, constituted in the fair of street that occurs to the sundays in the quarter of Major Prates, in city Clear the Mount, since 1985, having as founding the agricultural producers that, migram for the city to the sundays, in intention to commercialize the typical agricultural products of the region. We establish as secular clipping the period of 2005 the 2010. To the sundays the agriculturists, craftsmen small traders if dislocate for the city in search of an alternative income, through the commercialized regional products, as for example: agricultural products, fruits of the open pasture, typical foods and drinks and the artesanato, disclose the identity regional. The problem that guided the inquiry consists of understanding which is the benefits, proceeding from the fair of the Quarter Major Prates it stops with the urban and agricultural way of the Clear Mount city.
This article has as objective, to analyze the fair as a space of economic and cultural exchanges, place where if it daily constructs the memory of the involved citizens in it, feirantes and frequentadores. Analyzing it as a space of agricultural linking between and the urban one. The fair of Major Prates is important, therefore with passing of the time the same one comes improving the economy of the agricultural population, thus preventing the agricultural exodus, and in what it corresponds to the urban sector, it contributes with the generation of income to the traders of quitutes and artesanato.
This work will report the period of Getlio Vargas (1930 the 1945), having as main focus the New State (1937 the 1945), when the police force was one of the supports in the maintenance of the dictatorship, against democratic freedoms, that is, the institutionalized police violence. Being always the question: It will be that our diverse police forces still have the DNA of the violence? Or still it has a perception of legitimated impunity in the New State? Brazil constantly is denounced in reports of the ONU for illegal actions of the diverse police forces, including it arbitrary torture and arrests, beyond being the .causing greaters of violent deaths, beyond the slowness or inefficiency of the judiciary system. E, that if the violence is today not sponsored by the State through its agents, if still has a historical perception of impunity of the causers of the police violence. We know that currently Brazil is a Democratic State of Right and if this affirmation has its pleas, for it not to guarantee all the plenitudes of the rights of the citizen, that include: health, education and security among others. The pleas cannot deny, however, arcabouo legal-constitutional of the country, represented mainly for the Federal Constitution of l988, nominada for the constituent Ulisses Guimares of ' ' Constitution cidad' ' , that in its to understand it would take care of the democracy fully. The violence is inherent all the ditatorial State, either it of any ideological shade, right or left, and until the inexact ones. The violence if becomes necessary for the maintenance of its ' ' prerrogativas' ' of State. What it is good for the country it is not necessarily for the people, therefore in the vision of the controllers of a ditatorial state, the people does not know or he does not have conditions to define what it is good for proper itself.
Obviously that if they can observe some differences when she takes in account the way where the land is divided. The Tapebas lands had been identified officially by the FUNAI in 23 of July of 1993, constituting an area of 4.658 hectares. The landmark to put was only made four years later. The land the Tapeba community belongs to all for practises of agriculture and other ways of subsistence, and seems to be divided of sufficiently democratic form. The practical one of agriculture is common good in the Tapeba Community, the culture of the cassava for the manufacture of the flour, the conservation of carnaba for use of the straw in the manufacture of the wax and the consumption of the fruits.
Although it is of utmost importance to analyze the ways of subsistence and division them Tapebas, what more it called me the attention was to the search of the identity, as I cited previously. The interest to reaffirm the native traces, the fight for the formal recognition practises and it of the searched rites of the past and practised in the gift something property in possession of this community is in fact. Attending the Native set of documents, Mirrors, I could perceive the aboriginal interest in if organizing and taking decisions for the improvement of life and the recognition of the aboriginal peoples on the part of the authorities. The society disdains the indian when it affirms its identity, the conflicts between the indian to be able and them Still is common if to hear of the most formed pertaining to the state of Cear citizens who inexist black in the state and that the indians whom they had remained are not> (Alex Ratts). This overwhelming ideology, pertaining to the state of Cear version of the myth of the racial democracy, has relegated the aboriginal communities and black the complete invisibilidade until the current days, depriving to them of politics you publish that they are of right of the communities.
The fact that the miracle of water-Iron Mountain known for a long time, no doubt. Discovered the most ancient settlements in the precincts of the modern city, the ruins of fortifications along the Silk Road on the mountain Razvalka, the remnants of an old wooden tub, found when clearing source "Gryaznushka" – all said to use mineral water to treat local people. And when here in 1810, came Dr. FP Haas, water found them in the shared source dripping stone bath. The first written mention of the sources of lead naturalist PS Pallas, seconded to the area Pyatigorje in 1793 by the Russian Academy of Sciences. In his report he mention of mineral springs, located between Beshtau and Iron. About them he had been told by locals and asserted that "between these sources of a mineral hot." In the late XVIII and early XIX century the area was Pyatigorje densely populated Kabardins, abazintsami and Nogais. And, of course, they knew about the existence of Mineral Waters Mountain Gooch-tau, but reluctantly showed them to researchers.
This could see Dr. Haas, who in his first visit in 1809 was not able to find the mysterious mineral keys. And the only immediate assistance in the following year Prince Ismail Bey Atazhukina, who personally led Haas through dense forest to the mountain Gooch-tau, which on its southern slope, and were identified three sources. "We arrived at the place at half past five – wrote Haas in his book" My Journey to Aleksandrov water "- and I immediately determined to taste and form small glandular source, that crossed our path.
The same if it can say of the definition of a State of peace. In 2002, dissertao of mestrado of this author to the Law school of the USP – ' ' Beddings of the Operations of Peace of the ONU and the Question of Timor Leste' ' it was looked to investigate the diverse meanings of the peace to be able to understand the target of the operations of peace of the ONU. In that study, to understand the diverse meanings of the peace was necessary to identify that type of peace was longed for in formal operations of the ONU that had evolved of initiatives of peacekeeping (maintenance of the peace) for initiatives of peace-building (construction of the peace). In this study in them a chance was presented to advance a little in those reflections more, not only in relation to the operations of peace, but in the search of a definition for ' ' situation of paz' ' that it characterizes a State of peace. In that study, we define the peace under global the structural perspective as ' ' a positive, recognized value, yes, as a insufficient, but basic good for the accomplishment of the intentions of the sustainable economic development, the social progress, justice, the equality between the men, the reciprocal assistance between the Peoples, of the sovereign equality between Estados' '. On the other hand, the peace also can be defined as: ) the internal peace in contraposition to the external peace; b) peace as antithesis of the war; c) the peace as a value and as a perpetual ideal; d) the peace as half or; e) as they prefer Raymond Aron and Norberto Bobbio, as satisfaction or impotence, power peace. They see to follow it some of its characteristics. The internal Peace is the peace of private court of the individual; the external peace, of interaction between the individuals and the groups of which it is part, its community.
Because as we saw a moment ago, decreasing the prices of the fuels the price of these products will decrease in the same proportion, so while some people say that the time of the forced diet has come the projections say otherwise, that if and as you consume with everything that must be done in moderation. Perhaps the biggest problem that will shed the global crisis will be unemployment affecting mainly workers of large multinationals, SMEs sectors will have the great opportunity of their lives, since the high costs of production and maintenance of labour of their giant competitors will decrease the supply of their products, so it is time to start to compete with quality, with affordable prices thanks to the reduction of that brand positioning. On the other hand, for those who arrived to losing their jobs, all is not lost, the world economy will recover after overcoming its crisis, so in the medium term everything will return to normal. Of course, if they decide to return to their companies, I say this because it is also the perfect opportunity to start own businesses, reasons 1 – the economic slowdown will lead banks to reduce their credit interest rates, so that if we need capital, we will be able to obtain it with low interest. 2 As the importation of manufactured products is declining there will be shortages of some products, if you have a good eye, the new employer may recognize which road to take to meet the demands of the market and begin to position your own company creating jobs and helping gradually to normalize the economic pace. You can also deliver the best in you as Chief, given your experience in your old job you will know that it is what he most likes in terms of treatment and chances of emerging a good worker, you will also learn to appreciate the opportunities and take advantage of them when they appear.
Undeniable cultural renaissance in Uzbekistan – the object of criticism politicized Western media in the Internet there was an article of the official representative of "Reuters" in Uzbekistan Sh Baygina titled "Samarkand Noting the 2750th anniversary loses antiquity. " As the name suggests the article, which undoubtedly has a negative pressure, the anniversary should be associated only with certain adverse events, causing the reader sense of loss and disapproval. In general, you wonder, reading the names of some of the articles prepared by Sh Bayginym (for example – "The arbitrariness of the authorities and poverty in Uzbekistan give rise to protest.") There is a feeling that the publication of these trains not people who grew up here in Uzbekistan, next door, who graduated from school here and our Tashkent University, and an inveterate enemy of his own people. I wonder how he looks after it in the eyes of their former classmates and neighbors? Or completely lost his sense of conscience and shame? Well, this is so – "poetry and emotion." I wonder more why the article about Samarkand, a correspondent for "Reuters" is not even mentioned the word that the anniversary of this the ancient city was not only a holiday for the whole of Uzbekistan, but also a cultural event in the world of life, and that such activities are carried out only with the approval of the General Assembly of UNESCO? As you know, it's the only international organization capable of objective assessment conducted in different parts of the world measures aimed at preserving the cultural heritage of mankind, whom, of course, is and Samarkand.
Considering that the task of the professor has as characteristic to be an interactive work, the difficulty to work knowing legalized with them thus suggests to contribute for the perfectioning of the practical professor and formation of professores.FRIGOTTO (1991) argues the necessity of that the reorganization of the formation courses is thought about a context of transformation of all the pertaining to school system, so that such courses do not have that to become itself., simply in a space of compensation of deficit left by a different education. Of this form, FRIGOTTO (1991, p.131) it affirms that: … The learning of the professors not starting first day of its formation as professor Starts in its infancy, in the home and when this future professor goes the school. The bad pertaining to school system form not only bad pupils, as bad professors who, in turn, will reproduce I circulate it vicious and will empobrecero each time more the education. Today, it is at last started to also recognize that a deep pertaining to school reform is necessary, of the point of view of the formation of the teaching staff, not only of the point of view of the pupils.
As well as the pertaining to school reform it is not possible without change of the teaching formation, this impossible is abandoned of a pertaining to school reform. Both are interdependent. From the understanding of these processes it will only be possible to rethink the formation courses, in way that can promote them. Ahead of this, if it speaks very in education of quality, and that this to happen is needed the commitment of all so that these changes come to occur in fact. We know that much already moved in the education, mainly related the formation of the educator, where the majority not possua an adequate formation in accordance with the LDB, today already perceives this change.