Positivism and Antipositivism in Mexico. Luis Conde Lopez introduction. These lines are the result of the unrest that arose me to attend Axilogia of the Mexican matter in the mastery of leadership developer. If well prior to completing the master had arrived in my hands some works of characters like Justo Sierra and Alfonso Reyes, was not until now that I met the biography of Jose Vasconcelos and his important participation in the Ateneo de la Juventud and, hence, his antipositivistic philosophical current. Thus, the purpose of these lines is to make an overview of two important philosophical currents that have marked the history of our country: the positivism and the antipositivism.
Positivism. After the scholastic, positivism was the most important philosophical current in Latin America. Positivist philosophy Latin America countries served to combat colonialism ballasts and he pretended to be the philosophical doctrine that you replace the scholastic, as after some political and social anarchy, Latin Americans saving and an instrument were in positivism doctrine to ponder the mental emancipation and propose a new order in the social and political sphere. Thus, positivism took different nuances as the nationals of each of the countries of Latin America realities were different in their political and even economic and social contexts. On the other hand, in the education sector, what we see the adoption of positivism as a uniform acceptance for Latin American countries. It is considered as the best tool to form a Hispano-American being, which is not far from the Saxon model, and also to go starting positions of colonialism ballasts. Why it comes to believe that positivism may be creating a new man free from all prejudices of the colony and build a being with practicality, the same who had made in United States and England. Positivism in Mexico. Positivism Mexican was presented under two phases: the educational and policy.
Live the crisis of shortage (for pollution) of the air and water, of scarcity (limits) of minerals and energy, loss of soils (boundaries) that need a time, no minimum, geomorphological (geological), to form, elements (air, water, fire, Earth) that were given and which Western and westernized culture estimated to be able to ignore. The greenhouse effect, the hole in the ozone layer, global climate change, toxic waste, in addition to the garbage that we ourselves generate daily, are the clearest signs of these limits imposed on a global scale. It is not a culture or people who endanger their very existence. The globalization of rationality, driven by the economic logic, leads inexorably to an economy that ignores that it is embedded in the ground, in the air, in the water, on the ground, in the subsoil (minerals), in the life cycles of food chains of carbon, oxygen all humanity, in an unequal manner, is subject to the risks arising from actions decided by some for the benefit of some. The struggle for the appropriation of biodiversity, for the enjoyment of its benefits has clearly pointed out the interests between Nations. The rationality of the market and sustainable development is evident in the re-appropriation to maintain, increase and enjoy greater worldly goods biological and Cultural diversity. Being biodiversity understood as the sum total of living beings that exist on Earth, the result of millions of years of evolution.
Where the human species and their cultures have emerged from its adaptations of his knowledge of their use. Biodiversity has two inseparable dimensions; the biological and cultural. Therefore a property of cultural and living beings which makes them unique and different. 50 To 80% of the world’s biodiversity is located in tropical countries, (Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Zaire, Madagascar and Indonesia), those who have suffered in the past 100 years, immense losses of tropical rainforests and the disappearance of its indigenous population to the rhythm of a tribe each year.