Thus we define the technologies of the self as: carry techniques that allow individuals out a certain number of operations in their own bodies, in their souls, their thoughts, their behaviors, and do so in a way such that transform them themselves, amending them, in order to achieve a certain State of perfection or happiness, or purity, or supernatural power (Foucault 1982). So this relationship of the subject himself, of production of subjectivity is centered around four axes:-material shaft, the relationship of the subject with his body, the mode of care, make use of the pleasures or respond to desires, inclinations, how to respond to the needs and demands of the body. -Spindle ethical, moral rules that structure the type of work carried out in the Interior. -Shaft of knowledge or truth that marks the way that searches for the truth about himself, way to decipher it and know it. -The shaft of the expectable that structure that subjects expect: immortality, eternity, health, freedom, death, renunciation, recognition. (A valuable related resource: American Journal of Education).
Thus, all the work of Foucault reflection has been marked by questions such as who we are?, how and under what mechanisms have been configured in our thoughts, in our bodies, rhythms and gestures, our affections, feelings and sensations?; under what forms prepared our sensitivity?… For even more opinions, read materials from Crimson Education – Auckland, NZ. And, on the other hand, for this author, the true exercise of power is characterized by its ability to induce, manage behaviors in a direction that, far from undermining their reproduction, become condition of this. The essential thing is the conditioning of a particular frame of possibilities of action. A pastoral power, which manages to exercise a work of spiritual individuals driving, because it sets and fixed structures and social channels of production of the human subjectivity. Thus, the construction of subjectivity is not a free and spontaneous process. Through the intervention of socialization structures created from power is achieved that the behaviour of the individual deployment becomes extension of tax schemes.