The Speech

With respect to Orlandi1, a speech points with respect to others support that it, being one part ampler and systematically continuous discursivo process. In this manner, it does not have absolute start and nor end point, having all to say relation with others to say carried through, imagined or possible. Pcheux (1997) clarifies this device when pointing out that a speech is constructed in result of the relations established for its author to the things that already had been said, to the position where it occupies and to the position of the person to who the speech is directed and thus successively. The anticipation mechanism implies exactly that the enunciador tries, that partially, the listener place, from its proper place of enunciador. Pcheux (1997) observes that this ability is the capacity to imagine the way as the proper speech produces effect in the other, preceding the listener and foreseeing where this the wait. The argument is based, to a large extent, in this mechanism aiming at its effect in the interlocutor.

When one works with the notion of force relations, is considered that the place from which citizen speaks is constituent of what it says. These relations gain special importance in result of the present hierarquizao in the society, what it makes with that they take root themselves in the social power of these different places, determining what can be said, as can be said and to who it can be said determined thing. All these three mechanisms of functioning of the speech, as already commented, possess its bases in the imaginary formations (Pcheux, 1997). In this discursivo functioning, they are not the physical citizens or its empirical places (basically sociological) that they construct the speech, but the images that results of projections. They are these projections, according to these same authors, who allow to pass of the empirical situations? the really busy places – for the positions of the citizens in the speeches.

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